Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world’s sixth-largest country by total area. Australia’s capital is Canberra, and its largest urban area is Sydney.
Australia has the world’s 13th-largest economy and ninth-highest per capita income (IMF). With the second-highest human development index globally, the country ranks highly in quality of life, health, education, economic freedom, and civil liberties and political rights. Australia is a member of the United Nations, G20, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, and the Pacific Islands Forum. The population of 25 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia had the world’s 9th largest immigrant population, with immigrants accounting for 26% of the population.
Australia has six states—New South Wales (NSW), Queensland (QLD), South Australia (SA), Tasmania (TAS), Victoria (VIC) and Western Australia (WA) — and two major mainland territories — the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) and the Northern Territory (NT). In most respects these two territories function as states, except that the Commonwealth Parliament has the power to modify or repeal any legislation passed by the territory parliaments.
Australia has 37 government-funded universities and two private universities, as well as a number of other specialist institutions that provide approved courses at the higher education level. The OECD places Australia among the most expensive nations to attend university. There is a state-based system of vocational training, known as TAFE, and many trades conduct apprenticeships for training new tradespeople. About 58% of Australians aged from 25 to 64 have vocational or tertiary qualifications, and the tertiary graduation rate of 49% is the highest among OECD countries. The ratio of international to local students in tertiary education in Australia is the highest in the OECD countries. In addition, 38 percent of Australia’s population has a university or college degree, which is among the highest percentages in the world.
Choosing to study in Australia will provide you with excellent options and experiences, as well as world-class education. Here are five reasons why you should consider Australia as your study abroad destination.
• Globally recognised courses and institutions
• Multicultural Society
• Reasonable Cost of Study
• Work Permit
|Education system in Australia – MS inAustralia for Indian students
|About Australia Visa – Visa process in Australia
|Getting work permit in Australia
|Part time jobs in MS in Australia for international students in Sydney
|Study and work in Australia for Indian students
Education system in Australia – MS in Australia for Indian students
Education system slightly differs among the university across all of Australian Universities. Overseas Education helps you how education system is there in Australia. Most Australian schools are co-educational and use modern education system within a traditional education structure. Primary and Secondary education is between the age group of six to sixteen. The senior Secondary education is continued for two more years further. Tertiary education system is a higher education which includes Universities and Vocational Education and Training (VET), which gets funds from Australian federal government. The main language of instruction is English in the Australian education system.
Education system in Australia
1 BACHELOR / UNDER GRADUATE DEGREE
2 MASTER DEGREE
3 DOCTORAL DEGREE
Australia has been maintaining a huge reputation and a good quality in higher education and training program among the world’s universities. Large number of international students elects to complete postgraduate studies in Australia to strengthen knowledge and skills in their required field. Australian institutes offer broad range of courses in the field of arts, commerce, law, science and engineering and they also excel among the world’s best by technology and discipline, especially in engineering, medicine, environmental science, finance and accounting.
Higher education system in Australia consists of independent, government funded and private institutions that provides a higher education qualification. There are mainly three types of higher education in Australia- Bachelors /undergraduate programs, Masters and Doctoral degrees
University list of Australia – Sydney cheap universities
About Australia Visa-Visa process in Australia
An international student who wishes to pursue his/her degree in Australia, Visa Australia for a valid student visa is compulsory. Although applying for an Australian student visa is easy compared to other country visa process; still there are set rules, standards and document requirements in order to study in Australia.
Once the student receives an admission letter from the chosen Australian university, immediately he/she must start the visa process. There are 6 different types of visas Australian student visa, the student needs to select the appropriate one among these:
If a student is taking English courses that will not result in a degree, then this type of visa needs to be applied. i.e., this is visa allows certification courses in undergraduate education
If a student wants to obtain a vocational degree, then he/she needs to obtain a VET visa. VET visas are means for pursuing courses where the student is awarded with vocational diplomas, vocational advanced diplomas, vocational graduate certificates or vocational graduate diplomas
If a student wants to earn an Associate degree in any academic field, then the student needs to apply for a Higher education visa. However with this type of visa the student cannot pursue a Master’s research degree
If a student wishes to pursue a Master’s research degree or a doctoral degree of any type, then the student must apply for this visa
If a student is looking for doing only a few semesters or wants to just take some classes while residing in Australia without pursuing a degree, then he/she needs to apply for a non-award visa
These visas are for those students who are sponsored by the AusAID or the Australian Department of Defense, allowing student to pursue and complete any type of full time degree (associates through doctorate)
Once a student has selected the visa type then they must undergo the Assessment level processed. This assessment level helps a student to get a student visa as quickly as possible. The Assessment level helps the Australian government to determine the immigration risk for certain groups. There are currently five Assessment levels in the student visa requirements. These Assessment Levels are based on the country of origin, the field of study, the university chosen and what level of education the student will be studying (based on the AQF standards).
Visa Australia a student is also eligible to go through a streamlined student visa process which is totally dependent on the university. If the university that he/she receives the admission letter from participates in the visa process, then the Australian government will treat such students as lower risk immigrants irrespective of the student’s country of origin. If a student is confident that he/she will be eligible for streamlining, then they can skip the Assessment levels processing.
In order to be eligible for a student visa in Australia, a student needs to show proof of funds to support the student in covering his/her basic expenses while staying in the country. A student needs to have a minimum amount of income in order to study in Australia. If you have any other questions about student visa requirements, Visa Australia please follow the link at http://www.immi.gov.au/students/.
Getting work permit in Australia
For higher Education especially engineering Australia is the right place for study abroad programs. Griffith University, Monash University, RMIT University and many other universities giving a quality of education for international students.
Australia is an oceanian and also a developed country .It is one of the richest in the world. Australia lists highly in parameters like quality of life, health and safety, literacy and education, economic freedom, and the protection and restoration of civil and political rights.
Demographics and Climate:
hosts a great variance of landscapes, the north-east comes with tropical rainforests, the south-east, south-west and east are home to mountain ranges in the south-east, south-west and east, and the central dry desert. The temperature varies from below zero to scorching heat depending on the zone. Summer / autumn / winter / spring are the weather pattern here.
Culture and lifestyle:
Australians are peaceful and take life coolly, they are also frank and direct. They do not have diabolic nature, are more individualistic and outgoing than the population of many other countries. Their way of life comes with Freedom of speech and religion, democracy, equal treatment regardless of gender, nationality, marital status, disability and sexual preference.
Well, if you are looking for an exciting and rewarding career, then Australia offers lot of exciting career opportunities. Read through to know the essentials of the different work visas necessary to start working in Australia.
A work visa gives you the authority to work and live in Australia as a permanent or a temporary resident.
Skilled work visa:
Applying for a Skilled Migration Visa
To submit an Expression of Interest (EOI) in SkillSelect is the first step in the procedure of Points Tested Skilled Migration or General Skilled Migration.
SkillSelect Meaning: SkillSelect is the Department’s online system for assisting with the skilled migration process.
SkillSelect renders one to submit an Expression of Interest (EOI) for all skilled visa subclasses such as: points tested skilled migration visas, employer sponsored visas and business visas SkillSelect is a mandatory part of the application procedure for points tested and business visas. SkillSelect is not a must for employer sponsored visas but can be used to assist in the locating a suitable employer. Before you submit your EOI, should meet the requirements of the visa subclass that you are applying for.
If you want to apply for a points tested skilled migration visa and have the requisite skills to work in Australia, you ought to submit an Expression of Interest (EOI) and it has to meet the requirements for the visa subclass you wish to apply for.
You may be informed to apply for a skilled migration visa once you have submitted your EOI
Submit an EOI for Visas which are;
• Skilled-Independent visa (subclass 189)
• Skilled-Nominated visa (subclass 190)
• Skilled Regional (Provisional) visa (subclass 489)
One has 60 days to lodge a visa application if one is invited to apply for a skilled migration visa which is assessed by a processing team with regards to the visa subclass requisites. One must a meet the different eligibility requirements each visa .Please check the eligibility criteria of each visa before submitting your EOI.
You must nominate an occupation which is listed on the relevant skilled occupation list at the time of invitation.
Points tested skilled migration visas is required as it is a valid skills assessment that is issued before the date of being issued an invitation to apply for a visa. One should produce an authentic skills assessment issued by the relevant assessment authority for one`s nominated occupation.
A suitable English language test should have been undergone, no more than 36 The English language requirement must be met for you to be eligible to submit an EOI for points months before one is being issued an invitation to apply for a visa.
GSM applications are allocated to teams for processing by General Skilled Migration processing centre. The allocation date given to their application could be checked by the overseas skilled workers.
At any stage of processing, one can withdraw the visa application
Individual states and territories are allowed to sponsor applicants to fill skills shortages within their local labour markets under State Migration Plans
If you are a recent graduate from an Australian education institution and if one wants work in Australia and if one is a recent graduate from an Australian education institute, one is eligible for the Temporary Graduate visa (subclass 485).
Sponsored or nominated work visa options
If you satisfy other criteria and you are nominated or sponsored by:
• An approved Australian employer or business
• A state or territory government agency
• A state or territory authority
You are eligible for a nominated or sponsored work visa
How can you Bring family with you
You can bring your family to Australia when you are working there if:
If on your working visa application you include your family members, or
If your family members apply for a family visa, or
If your family members apply for a visitor visa
How to enjoy a working holiday in Australia
If you are a young person in age group of 18-30 years; you want to work and holiday in Australia for until an year, you are eligible for a working holiday visa
Engineering Universities Australia
This working holiday visa allows you to work while you enjoy the holiday of a lifetime. You will have the opportunity and time to exchange your culture, knowledge and skills while travelling this unique landscape.
Victims of Work visa scams
Criminals use visa scams to exploit or steal money from overseas workers who wanting to work and settle in Australia. Beware of such people. These criminals will lure you by making false promises of work and permanent residence in the oceanian continent of Australia. Engineering Universities Australia
Part time jobs in Australia – for international students in Sydney
Postgraduate Studies Australia or higher education for international students can do part-time employment while pursuing their higher education in Australia. These part time jobs can help students in meeting up living expenses to some extent as well as a real time working experience can also be gained from these part-time jobs. Students studying in Australia are allowed to work at least 20 hrs / week and unlimited number of hours during their semester vacations. To get into these kinds of jobs, a student must have a valid student visa.
A student can work in retail sector, hospital, hotels, cafes, bars, hospitality industry etc., Apart from these, students get a chance to do their internships which could be either be paid or unpaid. Through these internship programs students get exposure in a real time work environment.
Postgraduate Studies Australia or higher education the part-time jobs can be found via numerous avenues in Australia. The job announcements are usually made through the daily newspaper and are also posted on job portals on the internet. There are some occasions where the university itself provides some part-time job information on the campus notice boards, in this case the student needs to contact the university staff for further details. Most of the campus recruitment by the companies happen from here itself. Moreover there are also few recruitment agencies where students register for short term jobs or part-time jobs.
Part-time work is not difficult to find, however, there is a tough competition for it. Hence it is really imperative that new students quickly increase their contacts in the new country through meeting new people on forums, public places, libraries, hobby classes etc., They might have to personally visit some agencies arranging part-time jobs in order to drop in their job requirements along with their resumes. Students having good communication skill and proficient command of English language will find more success in getting a job. The minimum wage for part-time jobs in Australia is around AUD 12.00 to AUD 14.00 per hour.
To get a part time job, a student has to open an Australian bank account so that the employers can deposit the earnings directly in their account. However, sometimes the employers might pay in cash also. In this scenario, the student has to ask for a pay slip or pay stub from their employer. Students have to apply for Tax File Number (TFN) from the Australian Taxation Office and file their tax returns. This step ensures future job opportunities for the student and will also help them while applying for their Permanent Residence Visa.
Study and work in Australia – for Indian students
1} TRAVEL VISA
2} WORKING HOLIDAY VISA
3} TEMPORARY GRADUATE VISA
Most of the international students further continue education after the completion of their Associate degree or undergraduate studies. A student needs to show proof of funds for paying tuition fees and for other living expenses to continue their studies and also to get an extension on his/her student visa. Studying in Australia quips any individual with the required skills which would help them in getting a suitable employment after completion of their studies. After completion of their studies many of students usually end up staying back in Australia in search of work and ultimately plan towards setting up a permanent residence there itself.
Students who wish to explore the beautiful continent of Australia before commencing their career or before they look out for employment opportunities, then the ‘Tourist Visa’ would be suitable for them. This visa has validity of 3-12 months
This visa is issued by the Australian Immigration and Border protection (AIBP) office, which allows a student to work and travel in Australia for a maximum of 12 months
In this type of visa the student must have a valid job offer from an Australian company and this company must sponsor for the student’s visa. This visa allows you to live and work in Australia until a student is the employed by that organization
A graduate student who wishes to apply for PR (Permanent Residency) can apply for this visa and continue a year program which is an ideal program in gaining a real time experience and enhance the industry specific skills
In this visa, a student can stay back for 18 months after completing his/her studies to search for a job and to travel across Australia. Meanwhile, graduates with Bachelor’s or Master’s degree will have 2 years work visa permit initially and this could be further extended by an employer. Similarly 3 years work permit visa is given for research graduate and 4 year work permit visas for PhDs graduates respectively
This is for student visa holders who have completed a minimum of two years of study in Australia. Permanent residency is given based on the Qualification and results of a points test